When managed lanes first emerged on American highways, the primary form of congestion management was vehicle restriction, like high occupancy vehicles (HOV) or no-truck Lanes. Over time, however, the effectiveness of these vehicle restrictions in managing congestion has diminished. In many cases, HOV lanes have gone through a period in which lane degradation has exceeded federal limitations, highlighting the need for new congestion management options.
After the US Supreme Court rulings in the Solid Waste Association of Northern Cook Counties (SWANCC) and Rapanos cases, many were left wondering what waters are jurisdictional, what are not, what “significant nexus” meant, and how do you quantify it? To address these questions, a ruling (EPA-HQ-OW-2011-0880) was drafted by the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) and the US Army Corps of Engineers, the regulatory agency currently responsible for the identification and permitting of waters of the United States (WOUS).
Fourteen major rivers, more than a hundred lakes, and 23 aquifers comprise the major sources of freshwater in Texas. It sounds like Texas has plenty of water, but the reality is these resources are shared across five metropolitan cities and distributed across a state the size of France with two-thirds of the state comprising arid to semi-arid environments. The water is also used for a variety of applications, each of which has specific desired levels of water quality.
The Texas State Water Bill (HB 4) has been signed into law authorizing $2 billion in spending on water related projects and could ultimately fund more than $25 billion.
Learn more about some of our recent project updates.